Custom solutions for local networks of small offices
From the school bench, we are all familiar with some of the laws of nature, which are therefore called the laws that cannot be violated. However, in addition to laws,…

Continue reading →

Athlon XP: not by number, but by reduction!
When this issue of the magazine was being prepared for publication, a remarkable event occurred: the next Microprocessor Forum. Probably, when you read this article, you already know that AMD…

Continue reading →

The victory of the losers, or the story of the creation of FLASH memory (part4)
Our main goal was not to change anything during the production process, and to solve the problem of how to place electrons on a floating shutter. Initially, we abandoned the…

Continue reading →

discovery

The victory of the losers, or the story of the creation of FLASH memory (part2)

This type of memory was made in the form of a two-dimensional matrix of conductors, at the intersection of which a thin jumper (20-30 μm) was created from metal or amorphous silicon. The programming of the microcircuits consisted of passing a large current pulse through an appropriate jumper that caused it to melt (burst). The likelihood of recovering torn jumpers was minimal. For greater reliability and eliminating the possibility of restoration of jumpers, the chip was subjected to thermal training (additional heating for a long time), and then it was checked and, if necessary, reprogrammed. Continue reading

The victory of the losers, or the story of the creation of FLASH memory (part1)

It would seem that in common between a mobile phone, a GPS navigator, a digital camera and a modern voice recorder. The first thought that comes is that these are digital devices that appeared on the market in the 90s of the last century. But this is only at first glance, if you dig deeper, then all these devices have one thing in common – they use Flash (flash) memory to store data. Flash memory, as a new storage device, has been rapidly developing since 1984. In this article, we will try to highlight the history of the creation and development of Flash memory. Continue reading

Comparison of motherboards supporting the new memory standard PC2100 (DDR266)
AMD processors have long gained popularity among computer users due to their high performance at low cost. Therefore, it is understandable that new motherboards for AMD processors will appear on…

...

Overview of Graphic Solutions for Laptops
Over the past year, there have been plenty of events in the graphics market. For quite some time, S3 was the undisputed leader in the production of graphic chips and…

...

MAX + plus II: FPGA Integrated Digital Device Development Environment
The general tendency for the development of the element base of digital circuitry, starting with the appearance of the first integrated circuits in the early 60s to the present, is…

...

Cluster configuration
Typical cluster configurations typically include a shared disk subsystem connected to all servers in the cluster. The shared disk subsystem can be connected using high-speed cards, cables, and Fiber Channel…

...