Forecast for the Development of Computer Hardware and Software for 2001
Processors The most significant event is the appearance of two 64-bit processors (Intel and AMD) with different structures. In 2001, 64-bit processors still did not affect the market for processors…

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How can you “burn out at work”
Having dealt with processor cooling issues, we can now easily figure out the question of why Duron processors burn up if they are turned on without a heatsink. Generally speaking,…

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Latest Mobile Graphics Chips
Nvidia's GeForce2 Go In desktop computers, video cards from Nvidia, especially on the chips of the GeForce series, are very popular. Naturally, everyone is looking forward to when such chips…

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Stages of a Long Way: Mass Intel and AMD Processors in 2001

Intel
Celeron is finally moving to the 100 MHz system bus. On January 3, the first CPU of this lineup came out – the 800-MHz version (multiplication factor – 8x). In May, we should wait for the second – Celeron 850, and in August for the third – Celeron 900. In September-October, Intel intends to take the 1 GHz line for cheap processors and hopes to start mass production of the Celeron model with a frequency of 1 GHz (multiplication factor – 10x) .

AMD
On January 8, the 850 MHz version of Duron was released, and AMD again pulled the Intel palm on the budget systems market. At the beginning of the second quarter, the next generation of Duron CPUs with the Morgan core and the same amount of cache memory of the first and second levels (128 and 64 kb) as the processor with the Spitfire core comes out. The main feature of the new product will be a 20% reduction in energy consumption compared to the microprocessor on the previous core. In the second half of 2001, it is planned to begin supplying processors for office and home systems with a frequency of about 1 GHz.

Professional models
Intel
On January 12, a 1.3-GHz, with a reduced clock speed, Pentium 4 version was released. It is assumed that its relatively low price will force designers, programmers, and graphic station users to abandon further use of the Pentium III line and switch to the “more advanced” Pentium 4. Pentium III is faster than Pentium 4 on today’s programs, and the real return on switching to Pentium 4 will occur in about six months, when there will be many applications optimized for SSE2 code.

In March, the Pentium 4 version with a frequency of 1.6 GHz will be released, and in April – 1.7 GHz.

A year after the announcement of the GHz microprocessor, Intel will finally release a CPU with a frequency of 2 GHz. It will be the Pentium 4 on today’s Willamette core, which will be manufactured using the 0.18 micron process technology. Deliveries of this “monster” are expected from July (beginning of the third quarter). The fourth quarter, Intel will mark the transition to a new manufacturing process, and in October will be released the first Pentium 4, manufactured on 0.13-micron technology (code name – “Northwood”). Thanks to the new technology, this model will have a core size that is half that of today’s Pentium 4, which will allow Intel to place a 512-KB cache on the second level, which gives a significant increase in performance.

AMD
In March, Athlon should increase in frequency to 1.33 GHz, and in April a 1.4-gigahertz instance (FSB 133 MHz) will be released. All processors will use the Thunderbird core, be manufactured using the 0.18-micron copper process technology and generate a very large amount of heat during operation (as planned, for 1.4 GHz this is 70 watts). Fortunately, Athlon 1.4 on the Thunderbird core should be the last, and Athlon 1.5 on the new Palomino core will be released in May-June (changes in its internal structure will significantly reduce the energy consumption that remains the scourge of all AMD processors ) According to an interview with AMD representatives, the new Palomino-based CPU will allocate up to 55 watts, that is, as much as today’s AMD flagship – Athlon 1.2.

One question still remains unanswered: at what frequency of the system bus will Palomino function, because 1.5 GHz is not divided by 133 MHz, giving an integer or 0.5. We assume that this processor will have a system bus frequency of 100 MHz.

After the release of the first Palomino, two more CPUs will be released – with a clock frequency of 1466 MHz and 1533 MHz, already running on the 133 MHz bus. At the end of 2001, Palomino should be announced with a frequency of 1.7 GHz and higher – up to 2 GHz. It is also expected that all CPUs of the Athlon series will be transferred to the system bus with a frequency of 133 MHz in the second half of 2001.

In addition, the Athlon on the Palomino core will be AMD’s first CPU to target the market of single and dual processor servers and workstations. Although many customers are already using Athlon in their graphic workstations, Palomino is the right step on the ladder to take over the server market recently built by AMD management.

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