The victory of the losers, or the story of the creation of FLASH memory (part3)
We were very happy and proud; you know, young engineers with their own hands were able to make the first “flip” chip. After some discussion between Gordon and Andy, Gordon…

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Stages of a Long Way: Mass Intel and AMD Processors in 2001
Intel Celeron is finally moving to the 100 MHz system bus. On January 3, the first CPU of this lineup came out - the 800-MHz version (multiplication factor - 8x).…

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What is Athlon 64?
First of all, it must be emphasized that in the AMD64 architecture, the main attention was paid to the issue of compatibility with 32-bit applications that are widespread now. The…

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RAM

MAX + plus II: FPGA Integrated Digital Device Development Environment

The general tendency for the development of the element base of digital circuitry, starting with the appearance of the first integrated circuits in the early 60s to the present, is a continuous increase in the number of logic elements (LEs) placed on the chip, while reducing the unit cost of one element. An increase in the number of LEs continuously opens up the possibility of creating increasingly complex digital devices placed on a single chip. The main (far from complete) positive results of this trend include: Continue reading

“Think for yourself, decide for yourself …”

Until now, we have considered solutions that save money when organizing the LAN of a small office due to some compromises with standards. There is another way of organizing the office cable system, not designed to save money by the methods discussed above, but rather, assuming some of their redundancy at the initial stage, but giving savings later. Continue reading

GeForce2 MX 200 and GeForce2 MX 400 - new chips from Nvidia
A year later, Nvidia announced its new GeForce2 MX graphics chip, which gained wide popularity due to its excellent price / performance ratio. Even today, graphics cards based on this…

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The victory of the losers, or the story of the creation of FLASH memory (part2)
This type of memory was made in the form of a two-dimensional matrix of conductors, at the intersection of which a thin jumper (20-30 μm) was created from metal or…

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Athlon XP: not by number, but by reduction!
When this issue of the magazine was being prepared for publication, a remarkable event occurred: the next Microprocessor Forum. Probably, when you read this article, you already know that AMD…

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Transistor Evolution and Processor Revolution
The microprocessor manufacturing process is inextricably linked with the evolution and continuous improvement of the transistor. The transistor, invented in 1948 in the laboratories of Bell Corporation, made it possible…

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